In some ways, choosing between male and female dogs is a matter of personal preference. However, there are some characteristics which are common in females and other characteristics which are common in males. It is important to evaluate these characteristics and determine which sex would fit in best with your home situation when you choose a puppy. Additionally, choosing between male and female is important if you already have another female or male and are choosing an additional dog. This article will serve as a guide for genders and will list a few characteristics of females, a few characteristics of males, and how to choose between male and female when considering a second or third dog.

The following characteristics often apply to females:

Independent – females tend to want to be in control of the entire situation. They may come to their owner when they are seeking affection but will often move away when they have had enough.

Reserved – females are a little less affectionate and friendly than males. This characteristic is noticeable in puppies and becomes more pronounced with age.

Changes in Mood or Behavior - It is also important to note that if you do not spay your female, she will come into heat at approximately six months to one year of age and approximately every six months thereafter. During this time, there will be some bleeding as well as a change in mood or behavior.

The following characteristics often apply to male dogs:

Affectionate - Males are typically more affectionate than females. They tend to crave attention from their owners more than females and as a result, display more affectionate behaviors.

Exuberant - A male is also more likely to be fun-loving and outgoing throughout his lifetime.

Attentive - While females tend to be more independent, males tend to be more focused on their human companions. They want to always be close to the human and are very eager to please.

Selecting a male or female is largely a matter of personal preference. The above characteristics are generalizations, and it is certainly possible to purchase or adopt a female puppy who displays male characteristics or a male puppy who displays the typical female characteristics.

If you already have a male or a female, a dog of the opposite sex is generally the best choice. Dogs of the same sex are more likely to fight than dogs of the opposite sex.

If you already have a male, he is likely to be more accepting of a female and you are likely to have fewer dominance issues if you add a female to the pack. However, if you opt to add another male to the pack, they can peacefully co-exist and may even become friends.

If you already have a female, she is likely to be more accepting of a male. Most males tend to be submissive. If he does not challenge your resident female, she is not likely to have a reason to fight with him. Adding a female to the pack, however, may result in complications. The worst combination is two bitches because they are more likely to fight than a male and a female or two males. However, many dog owners have two or more bitches that live together without problems. As long as there is an established Alpha dog and the other females know their place in the pack, there will not be dominance struggles often, although they may still occur.